Tech Tip:For the Love o' Mics: Understanding Microphones Part 6: Microphones at a Glance


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Microphones at a Glance

 

Mic Type: Dynamic
PATTERNCOMMON APPLICATIONSEXAMPLES (MODELS)
cardioidvocals, guitar speaker cabinets, drums, bassShure SM57 or SM58, EV 257, EV RE20, Sennheiser 421, AKG D12E

 

Mic Type: Ribbon
PATTERNCOMMON APPLICATIONSEXAMPLES (MODELS)
figure-eightvocals, brass, strings, low volume guitars (acoustics or electrics with small amps), drum roomsColes 4038, RCA DX77, RCA PB90, Royer R121

 

Mic Type: Condenser
PATTERNCOMMON APPLICATIONSEXAMPLES (MODELS)
multi patternEverything! (Use a pop filter for vocals).AKG 414, Neumann U87, AudioTechnica AT4050, Shure KSM32, Sennheiser E865

 

Mic Type: Crystal
PATTERNCOMMON APPLICATIONSEXAMPLES (MODELS)
contact transduction, sometimes cardioid (or sometimes "donut")Contact types: acoustic guitars, strings, live woodwinds.
Mic types: anywhere you want something to sound strange!
Contact types: Barcus Berry, K&K
Mic types: Shure SM53 "shaver" mike, Midland "Dual Crystal"

 

 

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